In this post we want to inform you of everything you need to know about the masks whether it is fabric, hygienic, surgical FFP2 or FFP3.
The first thing you need to know is that the mask is just one more means of protecting against the virus.
Wearing the mask does not exempt you in any way from complying with the other health standards of protection against the virus.
Wearing the mask only protects your nose and mouth but hand washing and other sanitary measures are still highly recommended.
What mask would I need depending on my situation?
Healthy people will preferably wear hygienic masks.
People who have contracted the virus and have symptoms as well as asymptomatic ones as recommended by the Ministry of Health should make use of surgical masks
People in contact with the virus.
Staff who are in contact with positive and symptomatic coronavirus people such as laboratory health workers or elderly caregivers are recommended to wear FFP2 or FFP3 protective masks.
What a mask children should wear.
For healthy children under 3 years of age the recommendation is to wear a mask and that it is a hygienic mask according to its age that fits perfectly to your size.
It would be advisable for an adult to supervise the placement of the mask for boys and girls. Explain in time that you should not touch the mask with your hands and handle it only using rubbers. explaining that in addition to wearing the mask you should carry hand washing frequently.
Almost all manufacturers of children’s masks have three sizes according to each age range varying you are from 3 to 12 years old.
In the case of children positive for covid 19 either with symptoms or asymptomatic, the use of surgical masks and the fulfilment of the home quarantine period is recommended.
Hygienic masks are part of the social and physical estating protocol recommended by the Ministry of Health in the context of the pandemic is coronavirus.
They are an element of protection of our mouth and nose as they anatomically cover tabs parts of our face to which they are fastened by means of rubbers that surround the ears.
This type of mask may or may not be reusable depending on the material with which it is made and the manufacturer’s recommendations.
How long hygienic masks last.
These types of masks are not a sanitary product. in the case of being reusable the manufacturer shall indicate on the packaging labeling of the package the number of washes allowed as well as the time of use between washing and washing.
Outside of these recommendations neither the effectiveness of the mask is guaranteed nor recommended so we would have to use another mask and discard it the old one.
Non-reusable hygienic masks have a usage time of approximately 4 hours and should not be extended this time under any circumstances and should be removed immediately after use.
In the event that the hygienic mask gets wet this type of mask loses its protection so we should immediately discard it by changing it to a new one. in Spain the price of these masks is regulated at 0.70 euros and value added tax or VAT are exempt.
Where to buy them.
Currently we can find them in any type of establishment whether it is sanitary or not. there are decorative masks of fabric and certain plastic materials.
Some types of hygienic masks have a space inside the masks for the placement of protective filters. These are definitely the most recommended
Types of hygienic masks.
Inside the hygienic masks we find types of masks that we go on to list below.
Masks that comply with UNE 0064 and 0065.
We can find in the labelling of such hygienic masks specifically compliance with these regulations.
Masks with different specifications.
You are masks unlike the above have not been presented or do not comply with UNE regulations OR simply comply with different regulations that are not recognized by the European Union
Homemade or un specsed masks.
These masks have not had any type of testing or testing of use, they have not passed any type of regulations. We’re talking about homemade masks. They do not guarantee that the material in which they are manufactured will prevent the passage of the virus.
We are much more familiar than we think with these types of masks. We can find them in clinical and medical settings that are normally used by healthcare personnel.
Its role is to protect health workers against pathogenic infections to which they may be exposed.
They also have as their function the maintenance of sterile areas such as operating rooms. Preventing medical or health personnel from breaking the sterilization of the area.
Surgical masks are specially designed to filter air when exhaled. Thus protecting those in our environment by avoiding pathogenic distortion when speaking, breathing or coughing.
They must allow the perfect fit in the area of the face where it is placed as this will prevent contaminated air from coming out or penetrating through the gaps.
How long the surgical masks last.
The use of this type of mask recommended in no more than 4 hours and in case the mask gets wet or wet you have to replace it immediately with another new mask and discard the one that has been moistened
Where can I buy them surgical masks.
You can find them in any type of establishment. But you have to keep in mind that these types of masks have to come packaged individually.
Types of surgical masks.
Depending on their bacterial filtration efficacy (EFB) they can be type I or type II
There are mainly two types of surgical masks:
Type I surgical masks.
They are the most common and with a lower bacterial filtration efficiency
Type II surgical masks.
Masks with the highest bacterial filtration efficiency of the two types. and are often resistant to splashes of blood and contaminated items.
What to consider when labeling surgical masks
The first thing we have to look at on the label of a surgical mask is the CE seal that guarantees that the product complies with European certification.
What type of mask it is, whether it belongs to type I or type II.
Compliance with UNE EN 14683 should also appear on labelling.
EPI masks or FFP2 FFP3 masks.
This type of masks are a fundamental part of epilytic personal protective equipment. They are especially recommended for healthcare personnel who face a potential risk when in contact with viruses and bacteria.
It is also recommended for use for vulnerable patients who need special prevention.
In Spain for protection against covid-19 EPI- FFP2 masks are recommended
How long EPI masks last.
The duration of this type of mask is usually well described in the packaging recommendations. See instructions.
It is recommended that when the mask is dirty or wet do not hesitate to discard it and replace it with a new mask.
You shouldn’t wear this mask for more than 4 hours straight.
Where to buy an EPI mask.
This type of mask can be found in pharmacies, specialized establishments and large areas.
Types of EPI masks.
This type of mask is mainly divided into three types that differ from each other by their filtration capacity. These types are:
The masks with particle filters on the other hand are also divided into three types P1 which has the least filtration capacity, P2 with an intermediate filtration capacity between the other two and finally the P3 what is the best capacity against the particulate filtration has
You look at the labeling of an EPI mask.
The first thing we have to look at in any mask that we plan to acquire. But especially in this is the CE marking.
UNE en-149 Compliance with this safe regulation compliance with quality standards which requires a mask of this quality and professional use.
We also need to take into account the NR marking that tells us that the product cannot be reused and what is specifically for single use only.
It would be essential to know what type of mask it is and what type of filter it uses.
How should we use the mask.
1 Before handling the mask we should wash our hands thoroughly to avoid contaminating it before putting it on.
2 Handle the masks only by the rubbers.
3 Place the mask over your nose and mouth, trying to touch it as little as possible and adjusting to your face to the maximum without leaving room between the mask and your face.
4 With your fingers touching only the comma of the mask, pass it behind the ears and hold the elastic bands before releasing them
5 Pinch the nasal band with your fingertips to hear it as much as possible at the base of your nose.
6 Avoid touching the outside of the mask for as long as you wear it. If you touch it for carelessness, you’ll have to wash your hands immediately.
7 Before touching the mask to remove it, you will wash your hands and remove it by touching only the gums of the mask.
8 Dry the mask by inserting it into a plastic bag to prevent the dispersion of possible pathogens you may have.
Put the closed mask in the garbage bag and just throw it away wash your hands again.
Frequent doubts about the use of masks.
When it takes a while to use with the mask I can turn around and use the opposite side.
Not in any way will the area of the mask that has been outdoors be contaminated. So it is not advisable to reuse it by turning the mask around. We would not extend its lifespan and increase the risk of contamination.
The mask can be cleaned in the microwave.
No. it is not advisable to clean the masks in the microwave under any circumstances. because it can affect the fabric with which they are manufactured affecting their quality and filtration capacity
It is advisable to use handmade masks.
Under no circumstances is the effectiveness of masks manufactured by artisanal methods guaranteed since the materials with which they are manufactured do not have to be those specially indicated for this type of mask and surely no quality verification process has passed.
Use for example diving masks.
This type of mask is not recommended as a barrier against covid-19
How reusable masks are washed.
Each manufacturer recommends washing for reusable masks. do not follow these recommendations will affect the lifespan of the mask.
Non-reusable masks can be washed.
No. under no circumstances
Children can use masks of adult sizes.
The use of hygienic masks is not recommended for children under 12 years of age but the use of surgical masks for children with positive covid 19 is recommended.
Ideally, the mask will fit as closely as possible to the child’s face to prevent possible leakage of pathogens through the gaps left in the mask and bed
What if I’m wrong about mask size.
As we have said in previous occasions it is important that the mask fits as much as possible to the user’s face and if this is not the case the pathogens will have gaps between the face and the mask through which they can go outside or enter the inside of the mask.
If you don’t have the UNE warranty, I’m protected by a hygienic mask.
The UNE warranty is a guarantee of mask certification but it is not the only one there are others in other countries.
But the lack by masks of these or similar guarantees means that they have not had any trials that can guarantee their quality and effectiveness.